$$\def\|{&}\DeclareMathOperator{\D}{\bigtriangleup\!} \DeclareMathOperator{\d}{\text{d}\!}$$

The diagram below is explained further on the page for the year 2000.

For an explanation of the above pictures, see the page for the year 2000.

The last table on this page lists a number of noteworthy planetary phenomena during the listed year. The first column ("date") gives the date and hour, in the form year-month-dayThour in the Gregorian calendar, in Universal Time (UT). The second column ("pl") identifies the planet that shows the phenomenon:

pl Planet
Me Mercury
Ve Venus
Ma Mars
Ju Jupiter
Sa Saturn
Ur Uranus
Ne Neptune
Lu Moon

The third column ("*") provides the type of the phenomenon. The fourth column ("AU") shows the value (distance) in Astronomical Units, if applicable. The fifth column ("deg") gives the value of a relevant angle (declination $$δ$$, elongation $$E$$, conjunction spread $$σ$$, or ecliptic longitude $$λ$$) in degrees. Which angle it is for each phenomenon is shown below in column "?". Declinations and ecliptical longitudes are measured relative to the equinox of the date.

 ?
Explanation
p perigee
a apogee
+dδgreatest northern declination
−dδgreatest southern declination
cλconjunction (with the Sun)
oλopposition (relative to the Sun)
eEgreatest elongation
xaλpassage through the ascending node (zero ecliptical latitude)
xdλpassage through the descending node (zero ecliptical latitude)
bσleast conjunction spread (Mercury - Saturn)
Bσleast conjunction spread (Mercury - Neptune)
sσgreatest conjunction spread (Mercury - Saturn)
Sσgreatest conjunction spread (Mercury - Neptune)
Vλbegin eastward (prograde) acceleration
Pgλstationary point: begin eastward (prograde) motion
vλbegin westward (retrograde) acceleration
Rgλstationary point: begin westward (retrograde) motion

The calculations for the planets are based on the VSOP87 model (type A) of Laskar, and the calculations for the Moon are based on the most detailed model from [Meeus]. One position per day was calculated for each celestial object. The hour of the day for each phenomenon was determined by interpolation.

date pl *  AU deg
2040-01-02T03 Ma o  +101.84
2040-01-03T11
**
B  +161.07
2040-01-05T00 Me o  +284.97
2040-01-06T02 Ne −d +10.11
2040-01-10T14 Ne Pg +30.81
2040-01-10T22 Lu xd +252.52
2040-01-12T16 Ju −d +0.50
2040-01-12T18 Lu −d −25.45
2040-01-12T21 Lu p 0.002392
2040-01-13T03 Lu v  +285.68
2040-01-13T15 Lu c  +293.57
2040-01-14T09 Sa −d −2.50
2040-01-16T00 Ju Rg +181.84
2040-01-17T10
**
S  +291.84
2040-01-20T02 Me v  +310.16
2040-01-20T15 Sa Rg +192.03
2040-01-21T02 Ur V  +121.38
2040-01-21T07 Ur o  +121.38
2040-01-21T19 Ma +d +27.21
2040-01-22T01 Ur p  17.60
2040-01-24T00 Lu xa +71.84
2040-01-24T21 Lu V  +81.96
2040-01-25T11 Lu a 0.002713
2040-01-26T02 Ve −d −22.53
2040-01-26T10 Lu +d +25.47
2040-01-28T19 Lu o  +129.00
2040-01-29T07
**
B  +193.46
2040-02-03T11 Me xd +332.79
2040-02-05T12 Me e  +18.26
2040-02-07T03 Lu xd +250.48
2040-02-08T23 Ma Pg +93.03
2040-02-09T04 Lu −d −25.55
2040-02-10T00
**
S  +322.36
2040-02-10T06 Lu p 0.002418
2040-02-10T14 Lu v  +301.56
2040-02-11T15 Ve xa +295.68
2040-02-12T01 Me Rg +338.63
2040-02-12T02 Lu c  +323.46
2040-02-15T04 Me +d −5.86
2040-02-20T02 Lu xa +69.18
2040-02-21T01 Me c  +332.52
2040-02-21T16 Lu V  +88.17
2040-02-21T17 Me V  +331.76
2040-02-22T03 Lu a 0.002707
2040-02-22T16 Lu +d +25.64
2040-02-22T20
**
B  +192.09
2040-02-23T13 Me p  0.6348
2040-02-27T13 Lu o  +159.06
2040-03-04T23 Me Pg +323.69
2040-03-05T04 Lu xd +247.45
2040-03-07T06
**
S  +324.57
2040-03-07T10 Lu −d −25.77
2040-03-07T11 Ve v  +326.42
2040-03-09T00 Lu p 0.002455
2040-03-09T14 Lu v  +310.45
2040-03-11T09 Me −d −12.70
2040-03-12T13 Lu c  +326.36
2040-03-12T18 Me xa +326.53
2040-03-16T08 Ju V  +176.93
2040-03-16T09 Ju o  +176.93
2040-03-16T21 Ju p  4.444
2040-03-18T04 Lu xa +66.12
2040-03-18T16 Me e  −27.67
2040-03-19T07
**
s  +262.71
2040-03-20T16 Lu V  +96.14
2040-03-20T23 Lu a 0.002702
2040-03-21T00 Lu +d +25.89
2040-03-21T14
**
B  +173.20
2040-03-28T03 Lu o  +188.57
2040-03-28T04 Sa p  8.573
2040-03-28T06 Sa o  +188.68
2040-03-28T06 Sa V  +188.68
2040-04-01T05 Lu xd +244.91
2040-04-02T09
**
S  +226.65
2040-04-03T04 Ur +d +20.86
2040-04-03T09 Lu p 0.002473
2040-04-03T16 Lu −d −26.00
2040-04-04T01 Lu v  +285.05
2040-04-05T07 Ur Pg +119.30
2040-04-11T02 Lu c  +22.28
2040-04-14T09 Lu xa +64.21
2040-04-17T08 Lu +d +26.09
2040-04-17T16 Lu V  +103.88
2040-04-17T19 Lu a 0.002703
2040-04-18T11
**
B  +137.46
2040-04-21T22 Ne v  +33.29
2040-04-22T07 Ne c  +33.30
2040-04-23T05 Ne a  30.82
2040-04-26T14 Lu o  +217.46
2040-04-27T13 Me a  1.330
2040-04-28T10 Lu xd +243.88
2040-04-29T14 Lu v  +260.73
2040-04-29T16 Lu p 0.002445
2040-04-29T23 Me o  +40.62
2040-04-30T05
**
S  +172.44
2040-04-30T22 Lu −d −26.15
2040-05-01T10 Me xd +43.75
2040-05-02T16 Me v  +46.43
2040-05-10T15 Lu c  +51.09
2040-05-11T16 Lu xa +63.73
2040-05-14T15 Lu +d +26.18
2040-05-14T19 Ju +d +4.52
2040-05-15T12 Lu a 0.002708
2040-05-15T13 Lu V  +110.42
2040-05-16T11
**
B  +105.43
2040-05-17T15 Ju Pg +171.88
2040-05-24T06 Me +d +25.64
2040-05-25T20 Lu xd +243.80
2040-05-25T23 Lu o  +245.88
2040-05-27T14 Lu p 0.002412
2040-05-27T16 Lu v  +270.93
2040-05-28T06 Lu −d −26.17
2040-05-29T03
**
S  +144.82
2040-05-30T04 Me e  +23.08
2040-05-31T00 Ve o  +70.77
2040-05-31T10 Ve a  1.735
2040-05-31T23 Sa +d +0.24
2040-06-03T19 Ve xd +75.43
2040-06-06T04 Sa Pg +185.24
2040-06-07T22 Lu xa +63.81
2040-06-08T17 Me xa +98.99
2040-06-09T06 Lu c  +79.51
2040-06-10T22 Lu +d +26.16
2040-06-12T02 Lu a 0.002715
2040-06-12T02 Lu V  +113.26
2040-06-12T12 Me Rg +99.54
2040-06-13T02
**
B  +91.72
2040-06-18T20 Ve +d +23.96
2040-06-22T06 Lu xd +243.60
2040-06-23T10 Me p  0.5564
2040-06-24T07 Lu o  +273.87
2040-06-24T16 Lu −d −26.15
2040-06-24T19 Me V  +94.97
2040-06-24T21 Lu p 0.002391
2040-06-25T01 Lu v  +285.15
2040-06-25T04 Me c  +94.74
2040-06-25T16 Ve V  +102.33
2040-06-26T11
**
S  +138.78
2040-07-01T18 Me −d +18.69
2040-07-05T03 Lu xa +63.27
2040-07-06T14 Me Pg +90.53
2040-07-07T19 Ve v  +117.20
2040-07-08T04 Lu +d +26.14
2040-07-08T20 Lu V  +107.38
2040-07-08T21 Lu c  +107.79
2040-07-09T08 Lu a 0.002718
2040-07-10T22
**
B  +91.72
2040-07-17T16 Me e  −20.34
2040-07-19T14 Lu xd +242.33
2040-07-22T02 Lu −d −26.17
2040-07-23T07 Lu p 0.002387
2040-07-23T11 Lu v  +300.10
2040-07-23T14 Lu o  +301.83
2040-07-24T15
**
S  +137.67
2040-07-24T15 Ur a  19.58
2040-07-25T13 Ur c  +123.72
2040-07-25T23 Ur v  +123.74
2040-07-26T19 Me +d +21.90
2040-07-28T10 Me xd +110.61
2040-08-01T05 Lu xa +61.40
2040-08-02T06 Ne +d +11.82
2040-08-04T09 Lu +d +26.21
2040-08-04T16 Lu V  +102.31
2040-08-05T12 Lu a 0.002716
2040-08-07T12 Lu c  +136.10
2040-08-07T13 Ne Rg +35.87
2040-08-08T06 Me v  +131.90
2040-08-08T18
**
B  +87.42
2040-08-13T00 Me o  +141.64
2040-08-15T17 Lu xd +239.75
2040-08-17T17 Me a  1.362
2040-08-18T11 Lu −d −26.31
2040-08-20T15 Lu p 0.002402
2040-08-20T20 Lu v  +314.08
2040-08-21T21 Lu o  +329.88
2040-08-22T19
**
S  +136.69
2040-08-28T07 Lu xa +58.49
2040-08-31T15 Lu +d +26.40
2040-09-01T06 Lu V  +106.21
2040-09-01T22 Lu a 0.002711
2040-09-04T16 Me xa +182.24
2040-09-06T03 Lu c  +164.63
2040-09-06T08
**
B  +93.88
2040-09-07T22
**
b  +7.46
2040-09-11T18 Lu xd +236.90
2040-09-14T18 Lu −d −26.53
2040-09-17T18 Lu p 0.002432
2040-09-17T23 Lu v  +325.11
2040-09-20T05 Lu o  +91.21
2040-09-20T22
**
S  +148.51
2040-09-23T08 Ve xa +212.15
2040-09-24T11 Lu xa +55.92
2040-09-26T03 Me e  +25.97
2040-09-27T22 Lu +d +26.63
2040-09-29T04 Lu V  +113.62
2040-09-29T15 Lu a 0.002705
2040-10-03T02 Ju a  6.453
2040-10-04T08 Ju c  +192.23
2040-10-05T06 Ju v  +192.43
2040-10-05T06
**
B  +107.36
2040-10-05T17 Lu c  +193.59
2040-10-07T02 Sa v  +195.05
2040-10-07T05 Sa c  +195.07
2040-10-07T06 Sa a  10.63
2040-10-08T10 Me −d −17.30
2040-10-08T20 Lu xd +235.06
2040-10-08T23 Me Rg +217.53
2040-10-09T18 Ma xa +217.32
2040-10-12T00 Lu −d −26.73
2040-10-14T22 Lu p 0.002467
2040-10-15T07 Lu v  +325.68
2040-10-19T07
**
S  +161.62
2040-10-19T11 Me p  0.6659
2040-10-19T16 Lu o  +27.40
2040-10-20T12 Me V  +209.14
2040-10-20T22 Me c  +208.63
2040-10-21T18 Lu xa +54.70
2040-10-24T09 Me xd +204.66
2040-10-25T06 Lu +d +26.79
2040-10-25T22 Ne p  28.82
2040-10-26T18 Ne o  +34.45
2040-10-26T23 Ne V  +34.44
2040-10-27T06 Lu V  +122.42
2040-10-27T10 Lu a 0.002703
2040-10-29T21 Me Pg +201.86
2040-10-31T20 Me +d −6.94
2040-11-02T05
**
B  +119.05
2040-11-04T06 Lu c  +222.99
2040-11-05T03 Lu xd +234.61
2040-11-05T16 Me e  −18.74
2040-11-08T05 Lu −d −26.82
2040-11-08T18 Lu p 0.002465
2040-11-08T21 Lu v  +287.94
2040-11-08T21 Ma a  2.476
2040-11-09T11 Ur −d +18.83
2040-11-12T03 Ur Rg +128.08
2040-11-12T18 Ve −d −25.69
2040-11-16T23
**
S  +180.29
2040-11-18T02 Lu xa +54.62
2040-11-18T07 Lu o  +57.09
2040-11-21T15 Lu +d +26.82
2040-11-24T06 Lu a 0.002706
2040-11-24T09 Lu V  +131.81
2040-11-27T03 Me v  +236.71
2040-12-01T09
**
B  +137.19
2040-12-01T15 Me xa +243.79
2040-12-02T13 Lu xd +234.65
2040-12-03T19 Lu c  +252.75
2040-12-05T13 Lu −d −26.80
2040-12-06T01 Lu p 0.002429
2040-12-06T03 Lu v  +286.73
2040-12-07T02 Me V  +252.30
2040-12-12T15 Me a  1.450
2040-12-14T00 Me o  +263.16
2040-12-15T09 Lu xa +54.52
2040-12-16T15
**
S  +210.99
2040-12-17T01 Ma c  +266.22
2040-12-18T00 Lu o  +87.22
2040-12-18T22 Lu +d +26.77
2040-12-21T10 Me −d −25.18
2040-12-22T01 Lu a 0.002713
2040-12-22T10 Lu V  +140.36
2040-12-24T00 Ma −d −24.14
2040-12-29T22 Lu xd +233.80
2040-12-31T04
**
B  +160.51

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Last updated: 2021-07-19